Do not leave people with a feeling their work was taken was granted. Coach team members to stand up for their ideas in a healthy manner – which is, calm and immediate. Pay special attention to those who do not feel secure or confident enough to speak up.

  • As we go along, we will explain each of these stages in greater detail.
  • In virtual teams, the need for activities to help teams get to know each other is even greater, as some of the usual spaces for mingling and forming bonds are unlikely to be unavailable to them.
  • Those who stand out start to get accepted by their peers as potential leaders.
  • Maintain open and consistent communication, especially if things go wrong and changes need to be made.
  • Want to build and support a self-managed team that calls the shots?

All groups are composed of individuals with different needs, communication styles, and working practices. When bringing those individuals together and engaging in team development, leaders will need to find ways to help everyone work together effectively and grow as individuals and as a group. The storming stage is where each individual’s personality and preferred way of working shows itself. Team members may also begin to test each other or their leader and try to stand out from the rest. After the team members have moved past the forming, storming, and norming stages of group development, they can finally produce work and rely on team members for support.

Team Building Process: A Step by Step Guide

This stage is the most uncomfortable and many teams get stuck here and never leave. In this stage, different ideas, opinions, and feelings compete for consideration. Team members react to leadership ~ who has it, who doesn’t and who wants it. Many power and control issues start to surface during this stage and team members who are adverse to conflict may bury themselves in unimportant details rather than deal with the real issues at hand. Without understanding, patience, and open communication, many teams will fail during this stage. An activity to support a group to get to know each other through a set of questions that they create themselves.

In the storming and adjourning stage conflicts might occur and they are something very common within teams. It is important to understand that conflict among team members may undermine team cohesion and performance (McShane et al., 2018, p. 307). It refers to the degree of attraction people feel toward the team and their motivation to remain members. An organization is only as strong as the teams it creates to handle various projects. For this reason, organizations should invest in team development since it impacts the bottom line significantly.

How to Help Your Team Progress Through the Stages of Group Development?

By encouraging the group to take ownership of this part of the team development process, you can meaningfully impact the Forming stage. Forming is the first stage of team development and is where a team first comes together, gets to know one another, and becomes oriented with the goals and purpose of the team. Charma provides One on Ones, Team Collaboration, Feedback, Recognition & Goals — all in one place. With Charma, you can guide team development remotely with intentional goal setting, online collaboration, and continuous feedback.

process of team development

It is very unlikely that the team will adjourn naturally without structure or guidance. At the end of the performing stage, the task assigned to the team will be completed. The introduction of a group should be structured by the leader. They should provide a safe and welcoming environment for all team members to share their skills, background knowledge and goals.

Set a clear purpose and mission and revisit it throughout the process.

Here, team members have figured out how to work together and there’s no more conflict or internal competitions lingering. The first stage is forming, which is when the members within the team first come together to meet. It can be considered the period of orientation when everyone is getting to know one another and becoming acquainted. Now that we know where the stages come from, let’s break down the ins and outs of each stage and what you can expect from your team in each. And although it may be slightly cliche, there’s a lot of truth to it. When you’re on a team full of high performers and go-getters, even the most daunting of goals or end-result becomes a lot easier to face head-on and accomplish.

process of team development

It’s critical that virtual teams learn to collaborate and communicate effectively. The implication of Tuckman’s group development is essential for establishing a cohesive and productive project management team. Each stage relates to a project phase and establishes roles and mutual goals. Below, the theory is applied to the lifecycle of a project and the role of the project manager. One important element for teams is task interdependence which is the extent to which team members must share materials, information, or expertise to perform their jobs (McShane et al., 2018, p. 222). According to the Cambridge, Dictionary feeling as a noun is a fact of feeling something physically (Cambridge, n.d.).


One on one meetings are key during this stage, as it’s important that each team member has a space to vent, air grievances, and work through any initial frustrations. It’s up to managers to provide this space and hear each team member out, whether in person or virtually. Adjourning is the final stage that occurs when the team is about to disband. Team members shift their attention away from task orientation to a relationship focus (McShane et al., 2018, p. 233). During this last stage, the team feelings might be concerns and anxiety because of the uncertainty or future. At the same time feelings of satisfaction and mixed feelings.

process of team development

MeetingsBuild collaborative agendas, record notes and action items in real-time, and never forget what was discussed. Here is a list of ways to celebrate with a virtual team, and ideas for recognizing employee of the month. By signing up, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and to receiving marketing communication from Toggl Track. When you lead a group, part of your responsibility is to observe. Each person in your group holds some value, otherwise they wouldn’t be there, right? You don’t have to gain superpowers from a serum or create one of the most iconic brands of your generation to be a great leader.

Module 8: Groups, Teams, and Teamwork

At this point, teammates have built up enough trust to feel safe sharing honest opinions with the others. In terms of the dating metaphor, this stage is akin to a couple’s first fight, a disagreement over something silly like a comment over a movie or a mess in the sink. Though a team four stages of team development leader’s first instinct may be to play peacekeeper and sidestep an argument, navigating conflict resolution is an essential step in a team’s growth. Learning how to handle dissonance early strengthens a team and readies teammates to overcome more complex challenges with grace.

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